More videos are coming but some problems have arisen:
Once these issues have been solved more videos will come, along with, more music in general and I can’t wait!
So you’ve got your little melody/rhythm/chord change that you think can be further expanded upon into a full length song. Great! But you don’t know where to go next? Try some of these ideas.
The following are sets of chords that are mostly derived from the C Major scale. Terms such as I – IV – V refer to the 1st, 4th and 5th degrees of the chosen scale with diatonic 3rds stacked on top of them to create chords. If you have any trouble with this theory let me know and I’ll gladly do a lesson on it.
Over the years some chord progressions have prevailed as more popular than others. The following are just a small selection or examples you could use.
I – IV – V:
Seen in most blues music it is arguably the most popular chord progression around, Listen to Crossroads by Cream and you’ll notice the only chords used are the Dominant (7th) versions of I – IV – V in the key of A.
II – V – I
The most popular progression for Jazz, just listen to Autumn Leaves or Fly Me To The Moon and you’ll hear nothing but a series of II – V- I chords! Some songs will rock between the II – V for a long time before going to the I. Billy Cobham’s Red Baron can be seen as a constant series of II – V's in F Major. However, F is never played meaning that G minor 7 is heard as the de facto I chord throughout the song.
I – VI – IV – V
The four chord song is a much parodied song structure but still has relevance today with songs such as Baby and Every Breath You Take using the sequence. The I – VI – IV – V Progression became popular in the 50’s as watching Back to the Future will show you: it’s the chord sequence in Earth Angel (also, Johnny B. Goode is a I – IV – V progression in B Flat, not B like Marty says).
Try putting these sets of chords into your songs by changing the key signature and seeing how they fit. For example a I – VI – IV – V in G Major would be:
And the same in G Minor would be:
Did you notice that the last chord was a D7 instead of a Dm? This is called a substitution and is used to create a little bit more tension to bring us back to the I chord that the diatonic V chord doesn’t provide. As a result the sequence would be written out at I – VI – IV - V7. Substitutions are a lesson all on their own but remembering their purpose and what chord has been substituted make using and understanding them a lot easier.
That’s all for this lesson, next time we’ll look at how to make a melody work and not sound like a jumbled mess.